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被动语态详解

来源:学大教育     时间:2013-10-31 16:41:46


四、典型例题分析:

 

1. ----Do you like the skirt?

  ----It _______ soft.

A. is felt

B. was feeling

C. feels

D. is being felt

这道题中,feel为系动词,所以后面加形容词,表示主语的性质状态。所以选C。

 

2.The shop _____ at 6 am. every day.

A. opens

B. opened

C. is opened

D. is opening

Open有形容词“开着的”和动词“打开”两个词性,而这里缺少的是谓语动词,一般不用被动,而是直接用形容词表状态,所以答案为opens或者is open.所以此题选A。

 

3.The books ____ well.

A. were sold

B. sell

C. have sold

D. are being sold

本题sell,可解释为“卖”,词组为sell sth.卖掉某物或者sell sth. out卖光某物;也可以解释为“卖起来”,表示物品的性质,畅销或者滞销,这道题就是畅销的含义。所以选B。

 

4.This kind of cloth ____ easily.

A. has washed

B. was washed

C. washes

D. is washed

此题与上题有相近之处,wash解释为“洗起来”,表示事物本身的性质,所以选C。

 

5. Great changes _____ in my hometown since 1980.

A. have been taken place

B. took place

C. have taken place

D. were taken place

 

  这题中文为“自从1980年,我的家乡发生了巨大的变化。”而“发生”happen, occur, take place等,是不能用被动语态的,所以自然不能写成“My hometown has taken place great changes since 1980. ”或者“Great changes have been taken place in my hometown since 1980.”。所以答案为C.    

 
 
 

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